Fire Extinguishers are more popular, compared to the remaining Fire Protection Systems. You may identify them as red colour cylinders, seen generally at the doors. Fire Extinguishers come of a variety of types, sizes and for different applications.

You will find a many, Fire Extinguisher Dealer in Mumbai or Fire Extinguisher Suppliers in India, but you should be able to understand which type Fire Extinguisher is useful and for what type of Fire?


There are a variety of fires. Each fire type, cannot treated the same way that, is why we have to use different Fire Extinguishers for different fires. For example, a water type Fire Extinguisher cannot be used for an electrical fire. Fire Extinguishers work on the principle that by isolating Oxygen from, the fuel and ignition; the Fire Triangle is effectively broken. Hence, the fire stops immediately. However, Fire Extinguishers are supposed to be used for small fire or fire in an infant stage. For large fires, Fire Extinguishers they might not be useful. So in a sense, you can call Fire Extinguishers as Automatic Fire Extinguishing Systems, useful for fires in their infant stage. But the detection will, remain manual or visual; as seen by the person near the fire.

What are the types of Fires?

Fires are classified on the basis of their origin or the materials that are causing the fire to burn.

Fire Type

Materials On Fire

Type A or “Ash”

Here, ordinary materials like wood, paper, cotton, cloth, etc. cause such a fire. Such a fire leaves “ASH” behind, as a residue.

Type B or “Barrel”

Highly Flammable liquids, like paints, petrol, gasoline, benzene cause such type of fires. Such liquid, as always kept, protected in a “BARREL”

Type C or “Current”

The cause of such a fire, electrical circuits malfunctioning. Hence, an object may be charged and cause massive fire. There is a massive “CURRENT” flow which cause the fire.

Type D or “ Dynamite”

Combustible metals, or combustible mixture, normally used the industries cause such fires. Example “DYNAMITE”

Type K or “Kitchen”

Vegetable oils, fats or Cooking Oils can cause such a fire. Such materials are generally, found in the “KITCHEN”

How to operate Fire Extinguishers?

One can best, operate a Fire Extinguishers, by using the PASS principle:

1) P: PULL the pin form the handle.

2) A: AIM the nozzle at the base of the fire.

3) S: SQUEEZE the handle, and don’t let go.

4) S: SWEEP the nozzle from side to side.

There are a large variety of Fire Extinguisher in India. Let us understand some of them:

Fire Extinguisher: Water Type

Water naturally, extinguishes fire. Such a Fire Extinguisher contains water under pressure. Water can be used only against Type A fires.

Fire Extinguisher: Dry Chemical Type

Dry Chemical Type of Fire Extinguishers can be used in a variety of fire types. Hence they are commonly known as “Multi-purpose Fire Extinguishers.” They can be used in Type A, type B and Type C fires. This is the most popular Fire Extinguisher and is commonly seen in offices, hospitals or homes etc.

Fire Extinguisher: Co2 Type or Co2 Extinguishing System

Such a Fire Extinguisher is used in Type A and type B fires. This is a clean type of Fire Extinguisher, this is because it leaves no residue behind. Hence, such a Fire Extinguisher is used in Server rooms or in Art Galleries.

Fire Extinguisher: Foam Type

Such a Fire Extinguisher is used in Type A and type B fires. After the trigger is pressed, the foam is released from the Fire Extinguisher. The foam floats on the flammable liquid and isolate them from oxygen. However, they leave a residue, which has to be cleaned up.

Fire Extinguisher: Wet Chemical Type

These are generally seen on professional kitchens. They work by forming a mist over the fire, which isolates the Oxygen.

Annual Maintenance Contract or AMC

Any Fire Extinguisher Dealer, will know that each Fire Extinguisher has an expiry date. It is hence necessary to check a Fire Extinguisher, every 6months. A visual inspection can be carried out. This can be done by checking the pressure gauge in the Fire Extinguisher. Fire Extinguisher Suppliers in Mumbai or India, typically offer a warranty period of up to 1year.


Fire Tube Suppression

Firetrace Fire Suppression Systems provide Cost-Effective, Stand-Alone, Automatic Fire Suppression Systems for your Critical Equipment, Electrical/Technical Systems and various types of enclosures. The effectiveness of a genuine Firetrace System, happens by utilizing the proprietary Firetrace Detection Tubing (a Linear Pneumatic Heat Sensor), which detects a fire due to precise temperature sensitivity, allowing our systems to react quickly and effectively. This unique detection can be run through the smallest or most complex enclosures to ensure detection is always close at hand.


Firetrace’s fire protection – direct release systems utilize the Firetrace tube as both the “detection device” and “suppressant delivery”. As the fire begins, the portion of the tube nearest the point where the most heat is detected ruptures, forming an effective spray nozzle.


The pressure will then drop as the Firetrace tube releases the entire contents of the cylinder through the distribution nozzle to effectively suppress the fire. More than one Firetrace tube can be used enabling the system to cover more area. Our fire suppression systems are critical for safety and protecting your valuable equipment.

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Most people question, the effectiveness of a Fire Sprinkler Systems. Also, there are a lot of misunderstandings about Sprinkler Systems. What are their specific advantages? How is it better than a Fire Extinguisher? or Can Fire Alarm Systems be used instead? This article will give you a clarity, about Fire Sprinkler Systems.


Is it always necessary to provide Fire Fighting Sprinkler System?


This decision is specific to the project and can only be made by the Client or the Consultant in charge of the project. However we can provide you with, the direction and clarity about the subject, so that you can make the right decision. But from, our 23 years of rich experience, in the fire industry and after studying more than 500 companies (for Fire Protection); we highly recommend it and so do many Fire Fighting System Installation Companies.


How do Fire Sprinkler Systems Function?

The “Sprinkler” is a heat sensing device. Sprinkler Systems are of various types, temperature ranges and designs. The heat sensing element (of the Sprinkler) is pointed to the floor or to the area most prone to fire. The other end of the Sprinkler is connected to a network of pipes storing water under high pressure. Usually from 7bar to 10bar. When there is a fire, near a Sprinkler; whose temperature is higher than the temperature rated value of the, heat sensing element in the Sprinkler. The bulb present inside the Sprinkler, or the heat sensing device bursts and water now flows through the Sprinkler Systems under pressure directly on to the fire affected area. All of this is automated and happens, within 3mins, of the fire being detected. In this way Fire Protection Sprinkler System is an automatic, Fire Detection and Extinguishing System. However, Fire Sprinkler Systems was originally meant for Fire Suppression only.


Active and Automated Protection :

Fire Sprinkler Systems are so designed to, be completely automated. This is their major advantage above all other systems. They do not require human intervention of any kind. The basic concept, is that fire will suppressed, at an infant stage. This will stop it from spreading. This is especially more advantages, if it is a residential project. As the Fire Protection System fights the fire, residents can be evacuated from the building. Hence, the chances of any person getting injured or killed because of fire, are very slim. Sprinkler System for Fire Fighting is a very effective method to suppress fire or the spread of fire.


Fire Sprinkler Systems v/s Fire Extinguishers :

Fire Extinguishers are more effective when the fire is small and at an infant stage. However, even still; people have to actively risk their lives to stop the fire from spreading using Fire Extinguishers. Fire Extinguishers also require a relatively, higher maintenance. The chances of people getting permanently injured, due to fire is always present. All these disadvantages are neutralized for Fire Sprinkler Systems, which is the better Automatic Fire Extinguishing System.

Fire Sprinkler Systems v/s Fire Hydrant System :

Again, Fire hydrant systems are manned systems, so there is a good chance people using the system might get burned or injured. Furthermore, it is not easy to operate a Fire Hydrant System. Fire Hydrants, have a limitation that they cannot be used for small fires, in an enclosed area. The force of water from the hydrant system if so great that, there are two people required to just, hold the fire hydrant. In fact, in some cases, Fire Hydrants cause more damage than the fire itself. This damage to the equipment maybe irreparable. This disadvantages are minimal or nil for, Fire Sprinkler Systems.


Fire Sprinkler Systems v/s Fire Alarm System :

The greatest disadvantage of the Fire Alarm System is that, it is a passive system. It will only warn you, after detection of fire at an early Stage. After taking, the early warning, you must evacuate the premises of the factory or residential complex. Here too, the Fire Sprinkler Systems System, wins hands down.

Still, why should I go for Fire Sprinkler System?


Because it is a 24 hour automated active system that does not require your help. It is a time tested, quality tested machine that will work for you, regardless. If you want to protect you investment, let it be from $0.5million to $100million, with surety. If you want peace of mind, when you go to sleep. If you have to protect costly or delicate equipment’s, with minimal damage.


So, why would anyone not go for Fire Sprinkler System?

“Budget” constraint is the major reason, period. This is because, some people have the perception that, their multi-million dollar investment is not prone to fire. One of the main reasons is that, people are not Fire Literate, they are completely oblivious to the dangers of fire.


Unique Advantage :


Insurance companies, like FM Global; have a mandate for Fire Sprinkler Systems. Other, insurance companies, will offer a big reduction in cost, only if Fire Sprinkler Systems are installed and functioning properly, in the factory or commercial complex. Such is the faith and reputation of Fire Sprinkler Systems.


Fire Fighting Hydrant Systems are the most commonly used systems, in many residential and industrial projects. If you have ever seen a “Red” colour pipe, circulating around a building or factory, you have seen a Fire Hydrant Pipe. In most news clippings about a fire, you can see a fireman shooting water up to 8stories high or more, that fire man is using the Fire Hydrant System. Such is the power of the Fire Hydrant System that water can be shot right up to 8 floor, directly into the fire.


Is it always necessary to provide Fire Protection with Fire Hydrant Systems?


Fire Hydrant Systems forms the basis, of Fire Protection Systems, without Fire Hydrant System a Fire Protection System cannot be called a Fire Protection System. It will be a superficial system. (With respect to large areas, in general). Fire Hydrant System installation is relatively easy.

How do Fire Hydrant Systems Function?

A special well is dug, called “Fire Well”, where water is stored throughout the year for 365days. This water well is connected to the pump room. From the pump room, there are two to three main pipes. These pipes form a network of pipe that cover the factory compound and the factory. The pump has the work, to continuously filling all the pipes connected with water under pressure. The pressure is nearly 7bar to 10bar. When a fire is seen by a person, he activates the hydrant system and points it in the direction of the fire. A very strong flow of water now, attacks the fire and the fire is eventually extinguished. The pump continuously pumps the water to maintain the system pressure.

What are the advantages of Fire Hydrant Systems?

Fire Hydrant Systems are very strong and can be used from medium to large sized fires. Fire Hydrant Systems, have a long range. Since the Fire Hydrant System is spread out, the fire hydrant can attack fire from different angles. This entire systems requires low maintenance and virtually, does not leak water. Besides this, Fire Hydrant Systems have a long life.

What are the disadvantages of Fire Hydrant Systems?

There are few disadvantages. The first is that it has to be manually activated. The flow of Fire Hydrant System is so strong that, there are two men required to hold the water hose. Fire Hydrant System, may cause damage to the instruments or machines. Fire Hydrant systems are very popular and hence many, Clients search only for Fire Hydrant Companies or Fire Hydrant System Suppliers; but the important thing to understand is that it may not be the most efficient system.

Fire Protection Foam, also locally know as Foam Fire Fighting System; is a system of firefighting, where water is not used. In certain cases, water can actually cause, the spread of fire; example, electrical fire or petroleum based fires. Here, automated fire protection is critical and has to be provided, yet water should not to be used. This challenge is met by the Fire Protection Foam.

How does the Fire Protection Foam System, actually works?

To sustain a fire, we require three things, Fuel, Ignition or Spark and Oxygen. These three elements form the basis of fire, also referred to as the Fire Triangle. If one of the elements is missing, the fire will not exist. Fire Protection Foam System, isolates the oxygen, from the fire or fuel. When the Foam sprinkler detects that the fire is present, it is triggered. This causes the water to flow into the bladder tank. The foam concentrate, goes into the bladder tank via the proportioner. The proportioner, maintains and keeps in check the desired; percentage of foam. The foam is formed when the foam concentrate and the water mix, in the right proportion. This foam passes though the pipes, under pressure and directly on the fuel or fire, though the sprinkler. The foam covers the fuel like a blanked and isolates the Oxygen. The Fire Triangle is now, broken.

Types of Class ‘B’ Foams:

queous Film-Forming Foam(AFFF) :This is a high quality foam. It is popularly used in, refineries, airports and manufacturing plants. They can be used in a variety of mediums, they are hence very versatile.


High Expansion Foam:They are used in very large areas. Along with the area, they also cover a sizeable height; hence also used to provide three dimensional protection in areas like warehouses and ships. They seem to be very effective, where spillage or a hydrocarbon fire might take place.






Gas Suppression Systems


Fire Protection Gas Suppression System or simply called as Automatic Fire Suppression System (or Gas Suppression System), is relatively a new technology in India. Unlike conventional system that use water, in Gas Based Fire Suppression System; water is never used and yet the fire is extinguished. Here Gas is used to extinguish the fire. Hence it is a Gas Based system. The fire gets extinguished, within a minute of activation and everything is automatic.


Is it always necessary to provide Fire Protection with Gas Suppression System? Or Why go for a Gas Suppression System?

Absolutely not. In certain areas like Server Systems, Art Galleries or near delicate machinery, water can cause more and permanent damage than the fire. In the Server Room, the data in the server is more costly than the server itself. If the art piece or data, gets damaged or lost; it would result in an immeasurable loss.

How do Gas Suppression System Function?

Gas Suppression Systems are generally used in concealed rooms. The principle used by Gas Suppression System is by breaking the Fire Triangle, the fire ceases to exist. In the room, protected by Gas Suppression System, there are various detectors placed at various locations. Each detector constantly monitors the room for signs of fire. As soon as fire is detected, an alarm is sounded, to the personnel to evacuate the entire room. Then, the a gas like, Novec, Clean Agent or Co2 is released in the enclosed room. Thus, the oxygen in the room is rapidly reduced, to a level where fire cannot exist. However, living organisms remain unharmed, because of the gas. Because of such a system, all the delicate or critical items remain untouched and unharmed by fire or water.


There are generally, two principles used in Gas Suppression Systems :

1) The Total Flooding Principle :The Gas Suppression System is used in an enclosed room or isolated location. and

2) The Local Application Principle : The Gas Suppression System is directly applied to the fire, immediately on the fire affected area. There are no physical barriers present, as in the case of the total flooding principle.

What are the advantages of Gas Suppression System?

The main advantage of Gas Suppression System, system is that it is very quick. The gas used in Gas Suppression System, does not have any smell or colour. It is also friendly to nature. Gas Suppression System also have very easy maintenance and occupy lesser space. It does not have any kind of flavour.


What are the dis-advantages of Gas Suppression System?

There are but, a few disadvantages of such a system. Firstly it can only be used in enclosed spaces and secondly, that is relatively costly.

There are various Clean Agent Fire Suppression Systems or Gas Suppression systems used in the market :

1) Argon Gas Suppression System or Argon Clean Agent Systems.

2) FM 200 Clean Agent Systems

3) Novec 1230 Clean Agent Systems or Novec Fire Protection System

4) FE-13 Clean Agent Systems

5) Carbon Dioxide Co2 Clean Agent Systems or Co2 Total Flooding System

Applications\Gas

FM 200

Novec 1230

Co2

Proinert

Argon

FE-13

Computer Server

X

X

X

X

X

Computer Rooms

X

X

X

X

Gas Turbine

X

X

Substations

X

X

X

X

X

Diesel Generator

X

X

Switch rooms

X

X

X

X

X



Parameters\Gas

Argon Clean Agent Systems

FM 200 Clean Agent Systems

Novec 1230 Clean Agent Systems or Novec Fire Extinguishing

FE-13 Clean Agent Systems

Carbon Dioxide Clean Agent Systems

Safe For Humans

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Non-Corrosive

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Toxic By-Products

None

None

None

None

None

Time To Discharge

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Banned

No

No

No

No

No

Fire Class A

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Fire Class B

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Fire Class C

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Total Flooding

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Local Application

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Range, Ceiling Height or Volume per cylinder.

Medium

Medium

Medium

Very Large

Medium

Alternative To Halon 1301

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Storage Space Required

Low

Low

Least

Low

Low